The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is the international legal instrument for "the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources".

The CBD has been ratified by 196 nations and this year marks the 25th anniversary of the CBD's entry into force. Since its entry into force, the CBD has been implemented through the vision and leadership displayed by countries, non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations, indigenous peoples and local communities, the scientific community and individuals alike.

As a party to the CBD, India strives to meet and honour its international obligations and commitments under the convention. India has a firm belief in the conservation of biodiversity as a national priority and recognizes its crucial linkages with the livelihoods and well-being of millions of people.

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